Gonorrhoea Singapore

genital, anal and oral

What is Gonorrhoea?

Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It can be spread through unprotected sexual intercourse, including vaginal, anal, and oral sex, as well as through the use of contaminated sex toys. Those with multiple or frequent changes in sexual partners are at higher risk.

Who should get tested?

We highly recommend testing for individuals who exhibit symptoms (listed below) or the following within the past 3 months, even in the absence of noticeable symptoms:

Symptoms of Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea is often asymptomatic, allowing the infection to persist in the body for weeks or even months before detection. In cases where symptoms do arise, they typically appear within 1-14 days after sexual contact.

We recommend testing for anyone that has symptoms (see below) or has had recent unprotected sex with casual partners within the last 3 months even if there are no discernible symptoms.

For Men:

For Women:

Gonorrhea can cause infections in the rectum and throat, affecting both men and women. Symptoms of rectal infection may include:

On the other hand, throat infection typically does not present any symptoms or may manifest as a sore throat. In some cases, gonorrhea can also lead to symptoms such as:

STD Test

Testing for Gonorrhoea

Testing for Females:
Testing for Males:

Symptoms can be quite classical for gonorrohea but due to possible overlapping symptoms, your doctor might perform swab tests to gather samples from the affected areas. This helps ensure precise diagnosis and the appropriate treatment.

Treatment for Gonorrhoea

  • Treatment for gonorrhea consists of a single antibiotics injection.
  • It is important to abstain from sexual contact until the completion of the treatment.
  • Sexual partners should also be advised to seek treatment for gonorrhea.

Resistant gonorrhoea (dubbed super gonorrhoea) is rare but will require hospital follow up.

Complications of Gonorrhea

For women, untreated gonorrhoea can spread to the pelvic area and then onto the ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus. This is called pelvic inflammatory disease and may require surgical intervention. Symptoms may include high fever and severe abdominal pain. Once pelvic inflammatory disease is diagnosed there is a significant risk of infertility.

A special note for pregnant ladies is while the infection passing to the baby within the womb is rare, it is possible to infect the baby as they are being born and passing through the birth canal. Infection this way could lead to serious and potentially life-threatening infections for the baby.

For men, the infection may spread to the testicles and surrounding structures which may cause pain and may lead to infertility.

Prevention of Gonorrhoea

However, if individuals who are at risk, do take proactive measures to screen for and treat infections on a regular basis, the overall likelihood of infection is greatly diminished. By prioritising regular screening and timely treatment, they can effectively minimise the risk and ensure better health outcomes in the long run.

Gonorrhea is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae bacteria. It can lead to serious consequences if untreated, such as pelvic inflammatory disease and infertility in women, and testicular infections and possible infertility in men. If you have symptoms or engage in high-risk behaviours, it is recommended to consult with a doctor. If you’re in doubts, make an appointment with a healthcare professional for further evaluation. Testing is crucial. Treatment involves antibiotics and abstaining from sex until completion. Prevention includes safer sex practices and monogamy with an uninfected partner. Regular screening and timely treatment can minimise infection risks. Prioritise your sexual health, stay informed, stay safe, and take control!

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Frequently Asked Questions


When should I go for STD screening?

You should consider screening if you have symptoms of a possible STD, if you have had a recent risky exposure (unprotected sex with a casual partner), or both.

Can I get STDs from oral sex?

Yes, you can. The common misconception is that oral sex is not considered ‘real’ sex and therfore has no risk but the opposite is true. Often oral sex is performed without protection and this is why infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea can pass on through oral sex.

Can STDs be cured?

Thankfully the majority can be cured but there are some such as Herpes and HIV that can be treated but not cured. This is why prevention is better than cure and ensuring safe sex goes a long way to reduce your risks.

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