Navigating HPV Screening:
What You Need to Know

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for informational and educational purposes only. Please consult with your doctor for any medical advice or concerns.

In Singapore, awareness of the importance of HPV screening is on the rise, reflecting a growing understanding of its critical role in preventive health care. This article aims to provide essential information about HPV screening in Singapore, empowering you to make informed decisions about your health.

A Comprehensive Overview of HPV

The human papillomavirus (HPV) encompasses approximately 100 different viruses, with around 40 types known to affect the genital areas. Genital HPV is primarily transmitted through sexual contact, and while most HPV infections are transient and resolve spontaneously, certain strains can lead to genital warts or increase the risk of developing certain types of cancer such as cervical cancer in ladies and penile cancer in men.

Who Should Get Screened?

Early Detection of Cervical Cancer

The Singapore Cancer Society recommends that all females aged 25 to 69 who are sexually active should undergo regular HPV screening. This proactive approach is crucial for early detection, which significantly enhances the effectiveness of treatment and reduces the risk of cervical cancer.

Different Types of HPV Tests

Singapore offers several methods for HPV screening:

  • This involves collecting cells from the cervix to detect any abnormalities that may indicate the presence of HPV or other issues. Women aged 25–69 with normal Pap smear results are advised to undergo screening every three years. Do note that Pap smears do not look directly for HPV.

This test specifically identifies high-risk HPV types associated with cervical cancer. It is recommended for women over 30 and can be conducted alone or alongside a Pap smear.

VIA involves applying acetic acid to the cervix and examining it for abnormalities. Although less precise than other methods, VIA offers an affordable option for basic screening in resource-limited settings.

HPV Treatment and Prevention

Vaccination against HPV is a powerful preventive measure. The HPV vaccine is recommended for girls and women aged 9 to 26 in Singapore (although in the USA this recommendation has already been increased to 45 years of age), with vaccination also available to boys and men within the same age range to prevent virus transmission and reduce the risk of HPV-related cancers.

Analyzing Results

Regular Screening for HPV

After undergoing screening, your healthcare provider will discuss the results with you. A clear result indicates no detection of high-risk HPV types, and regular screening should continue. If high-risk HPV types are identified, further testing or monitoring may be recommended based on individual circumstances.

Understanding HPV and the significance of regular screening is fundamental for managing sexual health effectively. STD Screening Singapore is committed to providing the knowledge and support necessary for individuals to take proactive steps toward maintaining their health and making informed choices. Remember, prioritising your health is paramount, and seeking assistance when needed is a sign of strength. Here’s to a healthier future for all.

Disclaimer: We have attempted to provide full, accurate and up to date information in this blog, based on current medical evidence and opinion. However, information and advice may vary from different sources, and over time. If you have any further questions, see your doctor for a more accurate diagnosis of your concerns.

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Frequently Asked Questions


When should I go for STD screening?

You should consider screening if you have symptoms of a possible STD, if you have had a recent risky exposure (unprotected sex with a casual partner), or both.

Can I get STDs from oral sex?

Yes, you can. The common misconception is that oral sex is not considered ‘real’ sex and therfore has no risk but the opposite is true. Often oral sex is performed without protection and this is why infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea can pass on through oral sex.

Can STDs be cured?

Thankfully the majority can be cured but there are some such as Herpes and HIV that can be treated but not cured. This is why prevention is better than cure and ensuring safe sex goes a long way to reduce your risks.

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