The Risks of Unsafe Sexual Practices

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is for informational and educational purposes only. Please consult with your doctor for any medical advice or concerns.

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infections that can be transmitted through sexual activities, and their symptoms can vary widely. While many STDs are asymptomatic, meaning they show no noticeable signs, others can manifest tell-tale symptoms that indicate an infection. Understanding these symptoms is crucial for early detection, treatment, and safeguarding your and your partner’s sexual health. In this article, we’ll delve into the common STDs and their telltale signs to help you stay informed.

Chlamydia and Gonorrhea

Both chlamydia and gonorrhoea can lead to unusual genital or urinary tract discharge. This may include discharge from the penis or vagina that appears discoloured, thicker, or more frequent than usual. However, more watery discharge does not exclude these infections.

Pain or a burning sensation during urination (dysuria) can be linked to many STDs, including chlamydia and gonorrhoea. Discomfort during urination is a common symptom in both men and women but overall more common in men.

Women with STDs like chlamydia or gonorrhoea may experience abdominal pain or pelvic inflammation. These symptoms can be indicative of an infection in the reproductive organs and can lead to serious consequences if left untreated.

Herpes Simplex Virus

The herpes simplex virus often causes painful sores in the genital or anal area. It can also result in oral sores if transmitted through oral sex. While there is no cure for herpes, it can be managed effectively to reduce symptoms.

Genital Warts (HPV)

Genital warts are generally pain free but may cause itching or irritation as well as discomfort.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) can lead to the development of genital warts. These warts can vary in size and appearance, and they may appear in the genital area or around the anus. They can appear quite aggressive but can be removed through a series of minor procedures.


Syphilis can progress through stages, with the primary stage characterised by a painless sore or ulcer at the infection site. Later stages may present with rashes on the skin or mucous membranes.

HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus)

Acute HIV infection can cause flu-like symptoms, including fever, fatigue, and swollen lymph nodes. However, having flu-like symptoms does not mean that it is caused by HIV. Testing is the only way to be sure. It is worth noting that HIV may not show significant symptoms for many years.

It’s important to note that STD symptoms can vary widely, and not everyone with an STD will experience all the symptoms associated with that infection. Furthermore, some STDs such as blood-borne STDs like Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C may remain asymptomatic, making regular STD testing a vital component of sexual health maintenance.

Certain STDs can also remain asymptomatic for extended periods or only display symptoms in advanced stages of the disease. Individuals who appear and feel healthy can still be carriers of and transmit STDs to their sexual partners. Furthermore, STDs may produce comparable symptoms, while some can manifest vague symptoms that might be mistakenly linked to other medical conditions. A good example of this is hair loss such as alopecia areata. Syphilis can present in a similar way and as such it is routine for those with alopecia areata to undergo syphilis screening before starting treatment. This is why routine testing for early detection is important. 

Remember that understanding the tell-tale signs of STDs and practising safe sex are key components of maintaining good sexual health. Regular check-ups and open communication with sexual partners can help reduce the risk of infection and promote overall well-being.

If you experience any of these tell-tale signs or have engaged in sexual activities that put you at risk, it’s advisable to consult a healthcare provider and consider undergoing an STD test. Early detection and treatment can help prevent the spread of STDs and protect your sexual health.

Disclaimer: We have attempted to provide full, accurate and up to date information in this blog, based on current medical evidence and opinion. However, information and advice may vary from different sources, and over time. If you have any further questions, see your doctor for a more accurate diagnosis of your concerns.

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Frequently Asked Questions


When should I go for STD screening?

You should consider screening if you have symptoms of a possible STD, if you have had a recent risky exposure (unprotected sex with a casual partner), or both.

Can I get STDs from oral sex?

Yes, you can. The common misconception is that oral sex is not considered ‘real’ sex and therfore has no risk but the opposite is true. Often oral sex is performed without protection and this is why infections such as chlamydia and gonorrhoea can pass on through oral sex.

Can STDs be cured?

Thankfully the majority can be cured but there are some such as Herpes and HIV that can be treated but not cured. This is why prevention is better than cure and ensuring safe sex goes a long way to reduce your risks.

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